It has been some time since Covid-19 changed our daily lives. The resulting changes to the business environment and especially employment have become a normal part of our daily lives, as the interest in remote and hybrid work grows. This way of working allows employees to choose the place or country where they carry out their job duties. Yet this unlimited mobility may create tax risks to the employer. In this article we explore whether a company may be exposed to permanent establishment (PE) risk under certain conditions if a member of its management team works remotely. We also look at how the tax authorities of other countries have responded, in order to identify the riskiest countries.
On 14 February 2023 the EU Council decided to add four jurisdictions to the EU blacklist, bringing the total to 16. This blacklist is coming up for review in October. The Latvian blacklist of 12 jurisdictions in the Cabinet of Ministers’ Rule No. 819 is based on the EU blacklist as updated by the EU Council on 4 October 2022. While no amendments are being proposed, companies should prepare themselves for any resulting changes in advance and estimate their business impact.
When it comes to performing a transfer pricing (TP) analysis of financial transactions, attention is usually paid to loans and cash pool transactions. Yet there are some other financial transactions between related parties that often fail to receive a proper assessment in the TP documentation: financial guarantees. The current market environment has more creditors such as banks asking for a guarantee before they lend to customers. In this series of articles we explore TP aspects of guarantees, compare different approaches to determining an arm’s length price of a guarantee, and analyse relevant case law.
In November 2022 the European Parliament officially approved the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive. The EU member states, including Latvia, now have 18 months to pass the directive into their national law. This enactment is intended to improve the quality of available non-financial information, meet the needs of various stakeholders, and promote Europe’s joint transition to a more sustainable economy.
Sole traders were exempt from making advance personal income tax (PIT) payments in 2020, 2021 and 2022 after tax aid measures were adopted under section 6 of the Covid-19 Act. According to the current rules and the information published by the State Revenue Service (SRS), sole traders would have been required to resume advance PIT payments in 2023, with the first payment due on or before 23 March. However, proposals were submitted on 3 March to extend the deadline for another year.
Our professional experience suggests that paragraph 3.3.2 of the Cabinet of Ministers’ Rule No. 802, “Transfer Pricing Documentation and Procedures for Entering Into an Advance Pricing Agreement Between the Taxpayer and the Tax Authority for a Transaction or a Type of Transactions”, which states that the taxpayer’s transfer pricing (TP) documentation should include financial information and tables showing how the financial data used in applying the TP method is linked to the financial statements, has taxpayers confused as a maze of legal interpretation.
Over time, employment has gone through various stages of evolution. The EU is now standing in the doorway to the gig economy stage and has started drafting rules on platform work. While platform work in Latvia is mainly associated with the food delivery sector, technological advances are expected to make platform business relevant for manufacturing and services as well.
As Europe is pressing ahead with its Green Deal, the relevance of environmental taxation is growing rapidly in Latvia and across the EU. Our experience suggests that Latvian companies are much better informed about the natural resource tax (NRT) treatment than foreign persons doing business in Latvia. This article serves as a reminder of the NRT treatment for foreign persons. This information may also help Latvian companies identify cases where a foreign supplier has Latvian NRT obligations, which are either not discharged or wrongly shifted onto the Latvian company.
2022 brought more turmoil to the Latvian economy, businesses and people. When it seemed that we had overcome one crisis and learned to live in the post-pandemic world, another crisis arrived, one that is still difficult to grasp. The Russian war in Ukraine, the energy crisis and the fast-growing rate of inflation make Baltic CEOs more pessimistic than they were a year ago about global and Baltic economic prospects, but they are more optimistic about their companies’ own prospects. They see the need for change and they are also thinking about the steps they need to get there, according to PwC’s Baltic CEO Survey 2023, which interviewed 323 CEOs in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
PwC US has carried out HR Tech Survey 2022. We believe that MindLink.lv subscribers, too, might be interested in its findings, as they relate to one of the traditional corporate processes – human resources (HR), or more precisely, investing in HR technologies. HR technologies in this article mean IT systems that enable the recording of HR processes, such as vacations, time sheets, training courses, hiring and firing. The survey interviewed 688 HR leaders, who answered questions about their technology challenges and achievements. The full survey is unfortunately restricted to the US market, but a summary offering many valuable insights is available here. This article explores what we see as key findings.
A board member’s liability covers many activities and may have various consequences, such as financial compensation, cash recovery, a ban on the conduct of business, and even a criminal penalty. This article explores areas where the board member may be held liable and looks at ways to mitigate this risk.
The public domain has recently contained information that highlights how the supplier’s behaviour affects competition. On the other hand, distortion of competition by the customer is not something that receives a detailed assessment. When it comes to making requirements for public procurement, the customer has discretion, but he often defines his requirements in a way that restricts bids or bidders, which generally distorts competition. This article explores how the customer’s behaviour can distort competition directly or indirectly by defining requirements or criteria in public procurement.
To ensure a company’s capital adequacy or business growth, its shareholders may decide to increase its share capital and later make a reduction. This article explores some corporate income tax (CIT) aspects that should be considered when it comes to changing the size of share capital.
A payment is not always treated as a consideration for services that are subject to VAT. To establish a taxable supply, there must be a direct link between the service and the consideration received for it. There is no direct link between a payment and the service if it is impossible to predict whether the consideration will be received. In its ruling C-713/21 (Finanzamt X) of 9 February 2023, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) assessed whether 50% of horse race cash prizes that is assigned to a stable owner should be treated as a consideration for a service chargeable to VAT. This article explores some of the legal niceties examined in the CJEU’s new ruling.
“By working closely with multiple executives and shareholders of both private and State-owned corporates, we have observed an increasing interest about the capital markets. Business leaders have become more ambitious and better aware of the myriad of benefits from attracting capital via the exchange. At PwC, we are confident that First North Certified Adviser status will allow us to provide a more diversified advice for our clients in the Baltic region and help navigate them in the journey of an intensified capital market activity,” highlights Raimonds Dauksts, Head of Advisory at PwC Latvia.
First North is a growth market designed for ambitious small and medium-sized companies in the Baltics. Being a Certified Adviser permits PwC to guide growth companies in Baltics through the Firth North application process and ensure they meet all the market’s requirements on a continuous basis.
Eiropas Parlaments pagājušā gada novembrī oficiāli apstiprināja Korporatīvās ilgtspējas ziņošanas direktīvu jeb CSRD (Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive). Šobrīd Eiropas Savienības dalībvalstu, t.sk. Latvijas, rīcībā ir 18 mēneši, lai šo direktīvu pārņemtu savos tiesību aktos. Šādi iecerēts uzlabot pieejamās nefinanšu informācijas kvalitāti, nodrošinot uzņēmumu dažādo ietekmes pušu vajadzības un veicināt kopējo Eiropas pāreju uz ilgtspējīgāku ekonomiku.
Šajā PwC Nodokļu podkāsta epizodē PwC Latvija ilgtspējas pakalpojumu vadītāja Maija Orbidāne skaidro, kādas ir šīs direktīvas prasības, kā tas ietekmēs uzņēmējus Latvijā un kādi ir laicīgi veicamie mājasdarbi šajā sakarā.
Grāmatvedības vai jebkuru citu pienākumu veikšanā, kur datu apstrāde aizņem daudz laika vai kur regulāri jāveic atkārtotas vai līdzīgas darbības un procesi, ir svarīgi, lai uzdevumu veikšanai būtu pieejami ērti un viegli izmantojami rīki. Tādēļ lietotāji meklē iespēju iegūt, apvienot un analizēt datus gan no dažādiem ārējiem datu avotiem, gan no datnēm, kas saglabātas uz datora, lai pēc iespējas mazinātu manuālu darbu.
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