The legal form, meaning the contract between related parties and its provisions, has always been among the factors that come into play when assessing whether prices applied in controlled transactions are arm’s length. This article discusses why the legal form of a transaction is important, looks at a common approach to preparing intragroup contracts, and explores some rules that should be followed when drafting those contracts to mitigate transfer pricing risks.
The power of the State Revenue Service (“SRS”) to adjust the amount of tax due is primarily laid down by section 23(1) of the Taxes and Duties Act. The period open to review is limited to three years, and it is generally accepted that a person’s tax burden cannot be revised outside this period. Yet the SRS takes the view that a person’s obligation to pay taxes is not limited in time and is not really covered by the statute of limitations. We have encountered a practice in which, on finding an incorrect tax payment for a period outside the three years, the person was given the option of voluntarily filing the relevant tax returns and paying additional taxes. To stimulate this voluntary action, the person was warned that the SRS might pass their information to the Finance Police in order to decide on starting a criminal prosecution. This practice is now developing in such a way that a taxpayer’s mistake in filing tax returns for earlier periods is interpreted as voluntary performance of their obligation and an action that cannot be rectified.
With the Covid-19 pandemic leading to many redundancies, the courts are increasingly hearing disputes over mistakes employers make in laying off their workers. This suggests a lack of understanding of how a workforce reduction should be achieved lawfully. It is important in this context for the employer to offer the worker another job before issuing a redundancy notice.
On 21 April 2021 the European Commission published its proposal for a regulation on artificial intelligence (“AI”), the first piece of legislation in Europe to govern AI matters. This article explores key provisions of the proposed regulation.
Although the employment contract is a key basis for each company’s business and its content is quite exhaustively prescribed by section 40 of the Labour Act, in practice we often encounter incorrect, inaccurate and in certain cases even unlawful terms of the employment contract. It is important to review employment contracts regularly, and this article will help you notice some crucial faults in your employment contracts that are often ignored, as well as suggesting improvements.
Making a false claim or providing insufficient information can be recognised as an unfair commercial practice. This article explores some common mistakes made by persons selling goods or providing services (“sellers”) that are recognised as unfair commercial practices by the Consumer Rights Protection Centre (the “Regulator”).
The principle of penalty individualisation applies in tax law, too. Even if a taxpayer has broken the law the tax authority is permitted by law to treat the taxpayer leniently and charge half a penalty if he meets certain conditions. This article explores what conditions the latest case law says the tax authority should assess to establish that the taxpayer has filed returns and paid taxes on time.
We have spent the last year or so coming to terms with the Covid-19 pandemic, which has changed our daily lives beyond recognition. While we keep thinking mainly about the restrictions and outbreak statistics, it would be useful to figure out whether companies are now subject to a heightened risk of money laundering and terrorism and proliferation financing (“ML/TPF”) and whether the internal control systems set up by persons subject to the Anti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism and Proliferation Financing Act are still as effective as they were before the pandemic.
The Covid-19 pandemic has undeniably caused an economic downturn that has dealt a nasty blow not only to the European and global economy but to each company and its employees. So it makes sense that the new EU funding period, launched amid a global pandemic, aims to help minimise the adverse effects of Covid-19 in the distant future as well. Most of the funding (e.g. Cohesion Policy programmes) available to the member states during the new planning period are familiar but there are also some new programmes. Each programme focuses on achieving the goals of a greener and smarter Europe.
Acting on requests from customers and readers to identify and interpret persons that are subject to the Anti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism and Proliferation Financing Act, we approached the State Revenue Service for some practical insights into non-standard and complex corporate structures and their business activities in order to gain a broader understanding of how the Act should be applied. We have now summarised the information and reached conclusions, so here are the answers!
Directive (EU) 2019/2161 adopted in late 2019 (the “Omnibus Directive”) requires member states to transpose it by 28 November 2021, and their amended national rules must come into force by 28 May 2022. This article explores key changes and requirements for traders under the new directive.
When it comes to approving an action plan for a debtor’s legal protection proceedings, it is important to know which of its creditors can vote and to properly interpret the rules that place voting restrictions on certain persons. The insights outlined in this article can help companies in financial distress, creditor representatives and supervisors of legal protection proceedings find out whether only voting creditors have approved an action plan or whether the vote includes any person ineligible to vote.
Favourable rules effective from 2021 have cancelled certain fees that businesses had to pay when making various entries on the commercial register maintained by the Enterprise Registry (“ER”). In other words, when registering traders or any changes to particulars already entered on the commercial register, ER customers are no longer charged for an official announcement in Latvijas Vestnesis, the government gazette.
Information published by the Latvian State Revenue Service (“SRS”) on sanctions they have imposed on persons that are subject to the Anti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorism and Proliferation Financing (“AML/CTPF”) Act for breaching this Act and the International and National Sanctions Act, with data for 2020 and 2021, shows a large number of breaches and a lack of awareness of what the two Acts require and whether a company fits the definition of “subject” within the meaning of the AML/CTPF Act.
Draft rules that significantly change the system for reporting suspicious transactions were announced at the meeting of state secretaries on 14 January 2021. This article explores the current reporting requirements and the proposed changes relating to the new goAML app.
PwC specialists share their experience on topical tax issues.
PwC offers a brief video on the impact of COVID-19 on Transfer Pricing in Central and Eastern Europe.
The annual survey of Baltic business leaders examines the mood and opinion of entrepreneurs about business challenges and development perspectives. In addition to the questions asked in the global survey, we asked the managers of the Baltic companies to answer some questions about the aspects of the local economy.